Junk Food

In thousands of schools across the country, corporations and school administrators have joined together to market high-calorie, caffeinated, high-sugar candy and soda pop and other junk food and fast food to impressionable children.

Propaganda touting the consumption of junk food is now commonplace in the nation's schools. Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, and Channel One are the worst offenders.

We work with parents, teachers, and students to stop the marketing of junk food to children.

More Information

News Releases

Commercial Alert Responds to FTC Study on Junk Food Marketing to Kids
Robert Weissman | July 29th, 2008

Clinton School Food Deal Good for Junk Food Company PR, Not Kids
Gary Ruskin | October 6th, 2006

New Bill on Food in Schools Deserves Swift Passage, Says Commercial Alert
Gary Ruskin | April 6th, 2006

USDA Won’t Enforce Rules Against Junk Food Sales in Schools
Gary Ruskin | June 14th, 2005

Commercial Alert Petitions USDA to Enforce Restrictions on Sale of Junk Food in Schools
Gary Ruskin | April 26th, 2005

American Diabetes Association Sells Out to Cadbury Schweppes
Gary Ruskin | April 21st, 2005

Health Experts Call for Worldwide Ban on Marketing of Junk Food to Kids
Gary Ruskin | February 27th, 2004

Commercial Alert Criticizes National PTA Over Coke Sponsorship
Gary Ruskin | June 4th, 2003

Childhood Obesity Prevention Campaign Launched
Gary Ruskin | April 2nd, 2003

Commercial Alert, Groups Urge HHS Sec. Thompson to Support WHO Effort to Fight Junk Food Marketing, Prevent Obesity, Diabetes
Gary Ruskin | May 10th, 2002

Stop Peddling Junk Food to Children, Commercial Alert Tells Publishers
Gary Ruskin | September 22nd, 2000

Coalition Wants Schools to Stop Pushing Junk Food on Children
Gary Ruskin and Jim Metrock | July 12th, 2000

Articles

Expel Junk Food from School
Gary Ruskin | December 12th, 2005

Kennedy Introduces Bill to Ban Junk Food From Schools Nationwide
Gary Ruskin | April 18th, 2005

A Sign of Despair from the Ad Industry
Gary Ruskin | January 26th, 2005

Swann Song
Gary Ruskin | January 13th, 2005

The Fast Food Trap: How Commercialism Creates Overweight Children
Gary Ruskin | October 31st, 2003

Related Articles and Links

Related Articles

Request From a Mom: Stop, Now, Please!
Karen Showalter | Huffington Post | May 25th, 2014

First Lady's Next Hurdle for Children's Health
Monifa Bandele | Ebony | April 24th, 2014

Brand Marketing to Impressionable Students Generates Cash for Public Schools
By S.Z. Berg | Main Street | February 1st, 2014

Parents, experts decry junk food marketing in schools
Loren Grush | FoxNews.com | January 14th, 2014

Forget the Food: Fast Food Ads Aimed at Kids Feature Lots of Giveaways
Alexandra Sifferlin | Time Health and Family | August 29th, 2013

Fewer school districts promote soda sales or allow junk food in vending machines, survey says
Associated Press | Washington Post | August 26th, 2013

Bus advertising program gaining traction
Amanda Goodman | KRQE | September 24th, 2012

Up for Debate: Marketing of Sports Drinks on a High School Campus
Brent Ainsworth | Novato Patch | September 21st, 2012

Companies' ads in schools help raise cash
Alex Biese | Asbury Park Press | August 29th, 2012

Exeter schools to allow ads in athletic facilities
Becca Y. Gregg | Reading Eagle | August 22nd, 2012

The ABCs of Beating Obesity
Betsy McKay | Wall Street Journal | May 9th, 2012

Ronald McDonald: Healthy Food Adviser? Schools Get $1,000 for Allowing the Clown to Pitch to Kids
ALAN FARNHAM | ABC News | May 8th, 2012

Pepsi Partners With Michael Jackson's Estate
Associated Press | May 3rd, 2012

Phoenixville Area School District explores advertising opportunities
Frank Otto | The Mercury | March 30th, 2012

The Right to Sell Kids Junk
Mark Bittman | The New York Times | March 28th, 2012

Marketing and advertising that respects children's rights
Guy Shrubsole | The Guardian | March 12th, 2012

Junk food ads prevalent in Maine high schools despite ban, study finds
Jackie Farwell | Bangor Daily News | March 7th, 2012

Across the country, school advertising seen to boost education budget - but at what cost?
Nina Terrero | NBC Latino | March 2nd, 2012

First Amendment Doesn’t Apply to Junk Food Marketing to Kids
Samantha Graff | Roll Call | February 20th, 2012

Does the First Amendment Protect Marketing Junk Food to Kids?
Marion Nestle | The Atlantic | February 15th, 2012

Mixed progress made by US government and schools to improve food marketing influencing children
Eureka Alert | February 14th, 2012

Junk food in schools gets weighty reprieve
Bruce Bower | Science News | January 23rd, 2012

Selling naming rights to a public school cafeteria, a good idea?
Isabel Mascarenas | 10 News Tampa | January 9th, 2012

Junk food may be returning to school vending machines in Seattle
Brian M. Rosenthal | Seattle Times | December 12th, 2011

I’m fed up with this kind of school ‘funding’
ESTHER J. CEPEDA | Holland Sentinel | December 5th, 2011

The NEW three "R's" - reading, writing and ad revenues
The Big Picture with Thom Hartmann | December 5th, 2011

Congress Blocks New Rules on School Lunches
Ron Nixon | The New York Times | November 16th, 2011

Congress Pushes Back On Healthier School Lunches
Mary Clare Jalonick/AP | NPR | November 15th, 2011

Soda Bans in Schools Have Limited Impact
ANAHAD O'CONNOR | The New York Times | November 8th, 2011

School Lunch Proposals Set Off a Dispute
Emily Berl | The New York Times | November 2nd, 2011

Pepsi Uses Games to Mask Doritos Marketing to Teens, Groups Say
Eric Engleman | Bloomberg | October 19th, 2011

UN calls summit on spread of 'lifestyle' diseases
The Guardian | September 16th, 2011

Republican House Leaders Call for Withdrawal of Food Marketing Guidelines
Broadcasting & Cable | September 14th, 2011

Fast food restaurants are targeting customers who use food stamps
USA Today | September 6th, 2011

Chicago Park District Yanks Junk Food From Snack Machines
Chicagoist | August 31st, 2011

How Did Our Food Get So Crazy?
Huffington Post | August 30th, 2011

Food Marketing Institute spent $610K lobbying
Business Week | August 28th, 2011

Is Online Marketing Disguised as Games Making Kids Obese?
Time | August 24th, 2011

Glamour Mag Flavored Donuts
Advertising Age | August 21st, 2011

Should pro athletes endorse junk food?
The Globe and Mail | August 21st, 2011

Burger King freshens fast-food image
USA Today | August 19th, 2011

More American Kids Eating Fast Food
Medline Plus | August 17th, 2011

The nag factor: How do children convince their parents to buy unhealthy foods?
Johns Hopkins | August 16th, 2011

Children's favourite brands 'contain too much junk food'
Candis | August 16th, 2011

Study: Coke Uses 'American Idol' to Market to Kids, Despite Pledge
The Bay Citizen | August 3rd, 2011

Can Big Food Regulate Itself? Fat Chance
The New York Times | August 3rd, 2011

McD's 'Smurfs' Promos Tie In Nutrition Element
Marketing Daily | August 2nd, 2011

Teens eat more junk food if it's handy
UPI | July 29th, 2011

McDonald's Courts Mom Bloggers
NPR | July 28th, 2011

Teen junk food junkies on the rise, UCLA study finds
The Examiner | July 28th, 2011

Froot Loops vs. Real Fruit: For Real Change, Don't Look to Obama
The Atlantic | July 28th, 2011

Michelle Obama happy with McDonald's menu shift
MedicalXPress | July 27th, 2011

Fast food -- and other pre-prepared foods -- linked to spike in kids' calories
Los Angeles Times | July 27th, 2011

Bad Food? Tax It, and Subsidize Vegetables
The New York Times | July 25th, 2011

Soda makers escalate attacks over obesity
Reuters | July 21st, 2011

McDonald's Uses Olympics for Its Own Balancing Act
The New York Times | July 21st, 2011

McDonald's loses bid to move Happy Meal lawsuit-judge
Reuters | July 21st, 2011

National Junk Food Day is July 21
The Patch | July 19th, 2011

Junk Food Industry Determined to Target Kids
Food Safety News | July 18th, 2011

McDonald's -- Happy Meal suit could boost ad costs
Reuters | July 17th, 2011

State bans unhealthy food sales in schools
Boston Globe | July 15th, 2011

Teens “learn” to love caffeinated drinks
Food Navigator | July 14th, 2011

Companies propose curbing junk food ads for kids
AP | July 14th, 2011

FAST food not only makes us fat, it brings us down
Herald Sun | July 12th, 2011

No Junk Food Ads? No Jobs, ANA Says
Brand Channel | July 12th, 2011

Junk food ads should be banned, says Australian AMA
Sidney Morning Herald | July 1st, 2011

Company rivalry hinders junk food ad pledges, says EU study
Food Navigator | June 30th, 2011

Doctors Urge Ban on Junk Food Ads During Kids' Shows
U.S. News & World Report | June 28th, 2011

Study: Even Small Amounts Of Junk Food Can Make You Fatter Over Time
The Consumerist | June 27th, 2011

Junk Food Fight: Should Ads Stop Targeting Teens?
NPR | June 23rd, 2011

Men With Social Media Savvy Love Their Fast Food
NPR | June 22nd, 2011

Junk Food Near Schools May Be Trivial Factor For Kids' Weight
Vermont Public Radio | June 21st, 2011

McDiabetes: Will McDonald's Ever Stop Peddling Its Killer Junk to Kids?
AlterNet | June 21st, 2011

L.A. school district bans chocolate milk
USA Today | June 16th, 2011

Sports drinks are usually unnecessary for kids playing sports
Cleveland Plain Dealer | June 14th, 2011

L.A. would be biggest city to ban flavored milk in schools
Los Angeles Times | June 7th, 2011

Energy shots aren't just for the young
The Wall Street Journal | June 3rd, 2011

Despite law, junk food still reigns
Portland Tribune | June 2nd, 2011

Drinks Makers Woo Convenience Store Shoppers
The Wall Street Journal | May 30th, 2011

Stay away from energy drinks, doctors say
Reuters | May 30th, 2011

Love of junk food helps kill trans fat bill in Illinois Senate
STLtoday.com | May 26th, 2011

10 Things Fast-Food Companies Won't Say
Smart Money | May 24th, 2011

Health professionals challenge McDonald’s in full-page ad
QSRweb.com | May 18th, 2011

Fast-food industry is quietly defeating Happy Meal bans
Los Angeles Times | May 18th, 2011

Ronald McDonald's midlife crisis
Yahoo News | May 17th, 2011

Questions about new Federal Guidelines on Kid Junk Food Ads
The Atlantic | May 15th, 2011

Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages could yield sweet results
MedicalXPress | May 13th, 2011

Pepsi's Social Vending Machine Wants to Be Friends
Ad Week | May 12th, 2011

'Soda in drag'? Schools may ban chocolate milk
MSNBC | May 10th, 2011

McDonald's revamps stores to look more upscale
USA TODAY | May 9th, 2011

Kids Have A 'Minute to Win It' at Wendy's
Broadcasting & Cable | May 7th, 2011

Coke Turns 125: Why I’m Not Celebrating
MomsRising.org | May 6th, 2011

The Sad State of American Kids' Food Environments
Time | April 29th, 2011

How Kraft's Lunchables Is Evolving in the Anti-Obesity Era
Advertising Age | April 22nd, 2011

McDonald's grimaces at Happy Meal lawsuit
Reuters | April 19th, 2011

Illinois takes step toward banning trans fats
Los Angeles Times | April 15th, 2011

McDonald's Puts Ronald Back to Work
The Wall Street Journal | April 7th, 2011

New York City Council To Consider Happy Meal Ban
The Consumerist | April 6th, 2011

Coca-Cola Pumps Up Fanta Ad Support Across 190 Countries
Advertising Age | March 30th, 2011

FDA Scrutinizes Artificial Food Dyes
The Wall Street Journal | March 29th, 2011

Study: HFCS Leads To Much More Weight Gain In Rats Than Sugar
The Consumerist | March 29th, 2011

Breakfast Is Not So Gr-r-reat When Your Only Option Is Frosted Flakes
Huffington Post | March 16th, 2011

TDSB votes against expanding TV pilot project in schools
City News Toronto | March 10th, 2011

Cereal with cartoons on the box tastes better to kids: study
New York Daily News | March 8th, 2011

Kids' TV Up Despite Regulatory Challenges
Advertising Age | March 7th, 2011

Coca-Cola Launches Global Music Effort to Connect With Teens
Advertising Age | March 4th, 2011

Skinny Pepsi Can Launch Is Heavy With Controversy
Advertising Age | February 21st, 2011

Risks: Side Effects Fueled by High-Energy Drinks
New York Times | February 17th, 2011

Junk Food Ads and Childhood Obesity
ParentDish.com | February 14th, 2011

McDonald's Likes Leno for In-Show Monopoly Promo
Theresa Howard | USA Today | July 12th, 2009

Alcohol, Then Tobacco. Now Fast Food?
Douglas MacMillan | BusinessWeek | June 30th, 2009

Health Groups Want Ban on Junk-Food Marketing Ploys
Daniella Miletic | The Age (Australia) | June 9th, 2009

Hollywood Continues Its Fast-Food Binge
T.L. Stanley | BrandWeek | June 6th, 2009

McDonald's, Fox Sign Global Movie Tie-In Deal
Karlene Lukovitz | MediaPost | May 13th, 2009

Researchers Urge Crackdown on Junk Food TV Ads
Elke Bun | Reuters | May 8th, 2009

Hershey Sponsors Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian
Editor | EVLiving.com | April 27th, 2009

Little Debbie to Serve as Sponsor for Fiesta Atlanta's Soccer Challenge
PRNewswire | March 31st, 2009

KFC Offers to Fill Up the Nation's ... Potholes
Kenneth Hein | BrandWeek | March 25th, 2009

McDonald's Makes Major Move into School Education with Free Online Maths Program
Bruce McDougall | The Daily Telegraph (Australia) | March 20th, 2009

FTC Could Set Standards for Food Marketing Aimed at Teens
Ira Teinowitz | Advertising Age | March 11th, 2009

Buzz Haircuts Earn Sweeps Entry for New Butterfinger Buzz Candy
Amy Johannes | PROMO Magazine | February 12th, 2009

Scholastic Corp. Criticized For Marketing Toys, Video Games in School-based Book Clubs
David Crary | Associate Press | February 9th, 2009

Burger King Product Placement on Facebook
Product Placement News | January 9th, 2009

Coca-Cola, McDonald's and Nestle 'Obtaining Children's Personal Details'
Matt Johnston | Herald Sun | December 3rd, 2008

KFC Teams Up With NFL
Hispanic Business | November 21st, 2008

Pepsi Plans Big Mexican Investment
Betsy McKay | The Wall Street Journal | November 21st, 2008

McDonald's Courts Moms As Fast-Food Emissaries
Michael S. Rosenwald | Washington Post | November 20th, 2008

Study: Banning Fast-Food TV Ads Could Dent Obesity
Mike Stobbe | The Washington Times | November 20th, 2008

A Drink Backed by a Sports Hero (Wielding a Mean Game Controller)
Stephanie Clifford | The New York Times | November 18th, 2008

TiVo, Domino's to let Subscribers Order Through TV
BusinessWeek | November 17th, 2008

BK Push Takes 'Simpsons' Far From Springfield
T.L. Stanley | AdWeek | November 10th, 2008

Ordering Pizza Hut From Your Facebook Page? It's on the Way
Emily Bryson York | Advertising Age | November 10th, 2008

Happy World
Brian Quinton | PROMO Magazine | October 29th, 2008

Australian Food Companies Agree Not to Push Junk on Kids
AFP | October 24th, 2008

Children's Ads Provide Junk Food for Thought
Kevin Freking | The Mercury | October 6th, 2008

Food Firms Under Fire Over 'Unhealthy' Cartoon Adverts
Ben Bailey | The Scotsman | October 1st, 2008

FCC Dissatisfied with Media’s Reluctance to Fight Childhood Obesity
Anna Carugati | Worldscreen.com | September 24th, 2008

Panel Hears Thoughts on Food Marketing to Kids
Emily Fredrix | The Washington Post | September 23rd, 2008

Taco Bell Enjoys Its Gig as Indie-Rock Promoter
Emily Bryson York | Advertising Age | September 11th, 2008

Coke Zero Gets Double-O Status for James Bond Tie-in
Emma Hall | Advertising Age | September 9th, 2008

Burger King Branded Entertainment
PPN Staff | Product Placement News | September 8th, 2008

New Push for Junk Food Ad Bans
The Age (Australia) | August 28th, 2008

Junk Food Ads to Stay: Regulator
Kelly Burke | The Age (Australia) | August 28th, 2008

Does Marketing Contribute to Obesity in African-Americans?
Emily Bryson York | Advertising Age | August 27th, 2008

Michael Phelps Criticised for Frosted Flakes Sponsorship Deal
Darren Davidson | Brand Republic | August 22nd, 2008

FTC Commissioner Tackles Ads for Kids
Ross Kenneth Urken | The Wall Street Journal | August 20th, 2008

Breakfast of a champion? Frosted Flakes! Phelps signs with cereal
Richa Schapiro | New York Daily News | August 20th, 2008

Coke Pins China Hopes On Blitz in Beijing
Geoffrey A. Fowler and Betsy McKay | The Wall Street Journal | August 19th, 2008

McDonald's Scores Gold with Plugs by Athletes
Grant Robertson | The Globe and Mail (Canada) | August 19th, 2008

M&M’s Get Sweet on Hispanics
Evelyn Lee | NJ Biz | August 18th, 2008

Papa John's Pie in the Sky
Laura Petrecca and Bruce Horovitz | USA Today | August 17th, 2008

Crying Foul over Online Junk Food Marketing
Catherine Holahan | BusinessWeek | August 12th, 2008

BK Markets to Young Hispanics
QSR Magazine | July 30th, 2008

Junk Food Marketed to Kids is a $1.6 Billion a Year Business, Study Finds
My Fox Twin Cities | July 29th, 2008

FTC: Kids Target of $1.6 Billion in Food Ads
Kevin Freking | The Associated Press | July 29th, 2008

Chew on This: Hit Song Is a Gum Jingle
Ethan Smith and Julie Jargon | The Wall Street Journal | July 28th, 2008

Carvel, Kraft Join Youth Soccer Tour
Richard Tedesco | PROMO Magazine | July 28th, 2008

Tang Gets Kicks with Soccer Tie-in for Latino Kids
PROMO Magazine | July 15th, 2008

M&M'S Brand Launches Major Hispanic Marketing Campaign
PRNewswire-HISPANIC PR WIRE | July 15th, 2008

Does America Need Strong Laws to Fight Obesity? Yes
Susan Linn | The Charleston Gazette | July 13th, 2008

Sponsors Provoke More Emotional Response in Fans
Emma Hall | Advertising Age | July 10th, 2008

Survey Reveals Moms Wary of Ads Aimed at Kids
Beth Snyder Bulik | Advertising Age | June 25th, 2008

Schools Consider Deal With Coke
Darren Bernhardt | The StarPhoenix (Canada) | June 10th, 2008

Coke, Pepsi Vow to Eliminate Worldwide Marketing to Kids Under 12
Patricia Odell | PROMO Magazine | May 21st, 2008

Burger King Brands Subscription Mobile Games
PROMO Magazine | April 24th, 2008

Junk Food Ads Find Web Home
Julian Lee | Sydney Morning Herald | April 16th, 2008

Council To Consider Junk Food Ad Ban For Kids
Metroland Durham Region Media Group (Canada) | April 9th, 2008

Nestlé Uses Prank to Promote Branded Comedy Network
Brian Quinton | PROMO Magazine | April 3rd, 2008

Fatty Food on the Tube a Large Problem
Jennifer Torres | The Record | March 26th, 2008

Obesity Experts Back Junk Food Marketing Ban
Scoop Health | March 14th, 2008

Junk Food Ad Ban Comes into Force in Britain
Agence France-Presse | January 1st, 2008

Fast Food Gets its Greasy Hands on Report Cards
Julie Deardorff | Chicago Tribune | December 16th, 2007

Effort to Limit Junk Food in Schools Faces Hurdles
Kim Severson | The New York Times | December 2nd, 2007

Living Well: Food Biz Feeds Kids a Steady Marketing Diet
Bob Condor | Seattle Post-Intelligencer | April 4th, 2007

Junk Foods to be Banned in British Schools
Philippe Naughton | Times of London | September 28th, 2005

Junk Food Nation: Who's to Blame for Childhood Obesity?
Gary Ruskin and Juliet Schor | The Nation | August 11th, 2005

The Fairy Tale About Soft Drink Nutrition Won't Sell
Derrick Z. Jackson | Boston Globe | November 30th, 2004

Chicago Schools to Ban Soda, Candy
Reuters | April 21st, 2004

Maine Students to Lose Candy, Soda Machines
Tom Bell | Portland Press Herald | December 12th, 2003

Maine Students to Lose Candy, Soda Machines
Tom Bell | Portland Press Herald | December 12th, 2003

State Becomes Sour on Sweets in School; Policy Aims to Reduce Student Obesity
Jeffrey Gilbert and Ruth Rendon | Houston Chronicle | August 6th, 2003

State Becomes Sour on Sweets in School; Policy Aims to Reduce Student Obesity
Jeffrey Gilbert and Ruth Rendon | Houston Chronicle | August 6th, 2003

Advocates Push for More Healthy Foods in Schools
Susan Snyder | Philadelphia Inquirer | July 10th, 2003

Advocates Push for More Healthy Foods in Schools
Susan Snyder | Philadelphia Inquirer | July 10th, 2003

New York City Cuts Back Fat and Sweets in School Meals
Abby Goodnough | The New York Times | June 24th, 2003

S.F. Schools Join War on Obesity, Ban Junk Food; Soda, Candy to be Banished -- But Only from Cafeterias
Ray Delgado | San Francisco Chronicle | January 15th, 2003

S.F. Schools Join War on Obesity, Ban Junk Food; Soda, Candy to be Banished -- But Only from Cafeterias
Ray Delgado | San Francisco Chronicle | January 15th, 2003

Metro Schools Cancel Channel One
Natalia Mielczarek | The Tennessean | November 25th, 2002

Schools to End Soda Sales; L.A. Unified: The Soft Drinks Won't be Allowed on Campuses Starting in 2004.
Erika Hayasaki | Los Angeles Times | August 28th, 2002

TEA Slaps Lid on School Junk Foods; New Guidelines are Instituted to Combat Child Obesity
Lucy Hood | San Antonio Express-News | May 2nd, 2002

TEA Slaps Lid on School Junk Foods; New Guidelines are Instituted to Combat Child Obesity
Lucy Hood | San Antonio Express-News | May 2nd, 2002

Oakland Schools Ban Vending Machine Food
Kim Severson | San Francisco Chronicle | January 16th, 2002

Oakland Schools Ban Vending Machine Food
Kim Severson | San Francisco Chronicle | January 16th, 2002

Advertising to be Curbed in Schools; Policy Will Phase Out Channel One, Commercial Logos
Gregory Roberts | Seattle Post-Intelligencer | November 22nd, 2001

California Legislators Ban Sale of Junk Food in Elementary, Middle Schools
Bradley Weaver | North County Times | November 6th, 2001

California Legislators Ban Sale of Junk Food in Elementary, Middle Schools
Bradley Weaver | North County Times | November 6th, 2001

School Board Ditches Contract with Coca-Cola
Doug Erickson | Wisconsin State Journal | August 29th, 2000

Fight on Obesity Faces Hefty Commercial Problems
Marion Nestle | New York Newsday | June 22nd, 2000

External Links

Kids and Advertising
A comprehensive website on advertising aimed at children.

Center for Informed Food Choices

Soft Drinks in Schools
American Academy of Pediatrics | January, 2004

Halting the Obesity Epidemic: A Public Health Policy Approach
Nestle and Jacobson, Public Health Reports | January/February, 2000

America: Drowning in Sugar
Center for Science in the Public Interest | August 3, 1999

Relation Between Consumption of Sugar-sweetened Drinks and Childhood Obesity: a Prospective, Observational Analysis
Ludwig, Peterson, & Gortmaker, The Lancet | February 17, 2001

Childhood Obesity: Public Health Crisis, Common Sense Cure
Ebbeling, Pawlak, Ludwig, The Lancet | 2002-08-10

The Health Risks of Obesity: Worse than Smoking, Drinking or Poverty
R. Sturm, RAND Health |

Foods Sold in Competition with USDA School Meal Programs: A Report to Congress
U.S. Department of Agriculture | January 12, 2001

Seattle School Board Approves Comprehensive Suite of Nutrition Policies; Sales of Sodas and Junk Food Banned on School Campuses
Seattle School Board |

Fast Food Restaurant Use Among Adolescents: Associations with Nutrient Intake, Food Choices and Behavioral and Psychosocial Variables
French et al., Int'l Journal of Obesity | (2001) 25, 1823-33

Prevalence and Trends in Overweight Among US Children and Adolescents, 1999-2000
Cynthia L. Odgen et al., JAMA | October 9, 2002

Effects of Fast-Food Consumption on Energy Intake and Diet Quality Among Children in a National Household Survey
Bowman et al., Pediatrics | January, 2004

Rethinking School Lunch
Center for Ecoliteracy |

Reading, Writing and Raisinets: Are School Finances Contributing to Children's Obesity
Patricia M. Anderson and Kristin F. Butcher, National Bureau of Economic Research |

Liquid Candy
Michael F. Jacobson, Center for Science in the Public Interest |

Effects of Decreasing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption on Body Weight in Adolescents: A Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study
Cara B. Ebbeling, PhD, et al., Pediatrics, March 2006 |